Details

Physical Oceanography


Physical Oceanography

Developments Since 1950

von: Markus Jochum, Raghu Murtugudde

139,09 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 22.11.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9780387331522
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 250

Dieses eBook enthält ein Wasserzeichen.

Beschreibungen

<P>Unique combination and integrated assessment of three major fields in physical oceanography</P>
<P>&nbsp;</P>
<P>Providing both in depth scientific views and a historical overview</P>
<P>&nbsp;</P>
<P>Very prominent and reknown authors brought together</P>
Over the last ?ve decades Physical Oceanography developed explosively from a state with only a few observations and theories to a mature science with global ?eld p- grams,massivecomputerpower,andacomplextheoreticalframework. Thescientists wholedthisdevelopmentarealreadyorwillsoonberetired. Thiscollectionofessays documentssomeofthebreakthroughsandalsotriestocapturethespiritofexploration and excitement that accompanied these developments. Theoriginalmotivationforthepresentbookcamefromourdesiretounderstand the current social and scienti?c framework in which we work as physical ocean- raphers. Brief re?ection makes it obvious that this framework must have historical roots. However, discussions about these roots with senior scientists only made the picture more complex and confusing. We came to the conclusion that there is no simple story that explains the current state of affairs. The natural solution was to let seniorscientiststellhowtheyperceivedthedevelopmentsinthe?eld,eachfromtheir own unique point of view. Thus, by surrendering editorial objectivity we arrived at a broader, more objective view. The approach is comparable to data acquisition: it is known that there are no perfect observations, so one makes many. The goal then is to reduce biases by sampling as often as possible. However, to keep the book at a manageable size and still give the individual authors space enough to cover several decades, we were limited to 10 to 20 authors whose contributions should not exceed 20 pages. Thus, the book is by no means a complete history of physical oceanography; many important scientists and subdisciplines of the ?eld are not accounted for.
Foreword by Editors (Jochum, M. and Murtugudde, R.) A Historical Introduction: Oceanography of the General Circulation to the Middle of the Twentieth Century (Warren, B.) Reminiscences of MODE (Bretherton, F.) Modeling Ocean Circulation: 1960-1990, The Weather Bureau and Princeton (Bryan, K.) Contributions to Global Ocean Observations (Davis, R.) On Reconciling Atmospheric and Oceanic Estimates of Surface Heat Fluxes - and on Validating Greenhouse Models (Godfrey, S.) El Nino and Ocean Observations: A Personal History (McPhaden, M.) Reflections of an Equatorial Oceanographer (Moore, D.) Ocean Acoustic Tomography (Munk, W.) A History of Thermocline Theory (Pedlosky, J.) From Sextants to Satellites: The Education of a Land-based Oceanographer (Philander, G.) Some Advances and Retreats in the Study of Ocean Circulation Since 1935 (Reid, J.) Towards World Ocean Circulation Experiment and a Bit of Aftermath (Wunsch, C.) Interview by von Storch, Suendermann and Magaard (Wyrtki, K.) Bibliography of selected titles Index
<P>Markus Jochum is an associate editor of Journal of Geophysical Research and Raghu Murtugudde is editor of Journal of Geophysical Research and associate editor of Journal of&nbsp;Climate.</P>
<P>The list of authors includes&nbsp;prominent scientists:&nbsp;Warren, Bretherton, Bryan, Davis, Godfrey, McPhaden, Moore, Munk, Pedlosky,&nbsp;Philander, Reid, Wunsch, and Wyrtki.</P>
<P>Over the last five decades physical oceanography developed rapidly from a branch of fluid dynamics, with only a few observations, to a mature science with global field programs, large computer resources, and a complex theoretical framework. Today understanding of ice ages, global warming, or predictions of El Niño are to a large extent due to progress in understanding ocean physics. Therefore, it is important that the history of physical oceanography is made known so that citizens can understand the current state of climate sciences and policy makers can make informed decisions about future research.</P>
<P>This volume contains a historical introduction by Bruce Warren and twelve historical perspectives from world-renowned physical oceanographers.</P>
<P>Unique in its combination of the three major subdisciplines in physical oceanography: observation, theory and modelling</P>
<P>Unique historical overview of the development of physical oceanography by truly leading people in the field</P>

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