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The Genesis of Fluid Mechanics 1640-1780


The Genesis of Fluid Mechanics 1640-1780


Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Band 22

von: Julián Simón Calero

213,99 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 19.03.2008
ISBN/EAN: 9781402064142
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 517

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Beschreibungen

Fluid Mechanics, as a scientific discipline in a modern sense, was established between the last third of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century. This book analyses its genesis from two lines: resistance and discharge. This approach highlights the existence of a remarkable experimental aspect in the aforementioned research lines, together with their link with problems of a practical nature, such as ballistics, hydraulics, fluid-using machines or naval theory.
Fluid Mechanics, as a scientific discipline in a modern sense, was established between the last third of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th one. This book analyses its genesis, following its evolution along two basic lines of research, which have been named the “problem of resistance” and the “problem of discharge”. This approach highlights the existence of a remarkable experimental aspect in the aforementioned research lines, together with their link with problems of a practical nature, such as ballistics, hydraulics, fluid-using machines or naval theory. On the other hand, although previous studies usually present fluid mechanics from the point of view of mathematics, this is complemented here by an engineering viewpoint; gathering attempts made in the beginnings of fluid mechanics to see if the theory was capable of productive application in practical terms. This is nothing unusual in a time where the quality of knowledge and skill is measured largely by its usefulness.
(c) Universidad Nacional de Education a Distancia, La Génesis de la Mecanica de los Fluidos (1640-1780) ISBN 84-362-3439-1
The Problem of Resistance.- The Forerunners of Impact Theory: Huygens and Mariotte.- Impact Theory: Formulation and Formalisation.- The Evolution of the Problem of Resistance.- Experiments on Resistance.- Fluid-driven Machines and Naval Theories.- The Problem of Discharge.- Discharge from Vessels and Tanks.- The Hydrodynamica and the Hydraulica.- Theoretical Constructions (I): Clairaut and d'Alembert.- Theoretical Constructions (II): Euler.- Application of Fluid Mechanics to Pumps and Turbines.
Fluid Mechanics, as a scientific discipline in a modern sense, was established between the last third of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th one. This book analyses its genesis, following its evolution along two basic lines of research, which have been named the "problem of resistance" and the "problem of discharge". This approach highlights the existence of a remarkable experimental aspect in the aforementioned research lines, together with their link with problems of a practical nature, such as ballistics, hydraulics, fluid-using machines or naval theory. On the other hand, although previous studies usually present fluid mechanics from the point of view of mathematics, this is complemented here by an engineering viewpoint; gathering attempts made in the beginnings of fluid mechanics to see if the theory was capable of productive application in practical terms. This is nothing unusual in a time where the quality of knowledge and skill is measured largely by its usefulness.
The genesis of Fluid Mechanics from two lines: resistance and discharge
The grand theorization process
Relevance of the applications to the development of the discipline

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